Oct 14, 2008


त्रिसामा सामगः साम निर्वाणं भेषजं भिषक् ।

संन्यासकृच्छमःशान्तो निष्ठा शान्तिः परायणम् ॥

ത്രിസാമ സാമഗഃ സാമഃ നിര്‍വാണം ഭേഷജം ഭിഷക്

സന്യാസകൃച്ഛമഃ ശാന്തോ നിഷ്ഠാ ശാന്തിഃ പരായണം

த்ரிஸாம ஸாமக ஸாம நிர்வாணம் பேஷஜம் பிஷக்

ஸம்நியாச்கிரிச்ச்சம சாந்தோ நிஷ்டா சாந்தி பராயணம்

ತ್ರಿಸಾಮಾ ಸಾಮಗಃ ಸಾಮಃ ನಿರ್ವಾಣಂ ಭೇಷಜಂ ಭಿಷಕ್

ಸಂನ್ಯಾಸಕೃಚ್ಛಮಃ ಶಾನ್ತೋ ನಿಷ್ಠಾ ಶಾನ್ತಿಃ ಪರಾಯಣಂ

త్రిసామా సామగః సామః నిర్వాణం భేషజం భిషక్

సంన్యాసకృచ్ఛమః శాన్తో నిష్టా శాన్తిః పరాయణం

trisaamaa saamagah Saama nirvaanam bheshajam bhishak
samnyaasakrit-sanaah saanto nishthaa saantih paraayanam

574. Trisaamaa – “One who has been glorified by the three Saamas.” ‘Saama’ means divine songs-hence, Veda. The one who has been praised by the singers of the Saama-Veda, those called as the Devas, the Vratas and the Saamans.
575. Saamagah – “The singer of the Saaman songs.” One who performs the actions prescribed in the Saama Veda and who invokes the Lord is called, in Vedic terminology, the’ Udgaataa’.
576. Saama - The Lord is the Saama Veda. This is to indicate the sacredness of the very Book. Lord Krishna has confessed in the Geeta: “Of Vedas lam the Saama Veda.”
577. Nirvaanam - The Lord is of the very nature of “Ever-liberated, Ever-free.” There is no trace of imperfection and sorrow in Him whose nature is, All-Bliss.
578. Bheshajam – ‘Bheshajam’ means ‘medicine.’ Hence, He who is the very specific cure for the disease of Samsar (change, becoming).
579. Bhishak - One who is the ‘Physician,’ who is the ‘cure’ for the disease of Samsar. Or it can also mean that the Lord manifested during the “churning of the Milky Ocean “ as the Deity of Medicine, holding the pot of Amrita in His hand- The Lord Dhanvantari. In Indian systems of Medicines, He is considered as the presiding Deity of the Medical Sciences. Vishnu manifested as this Lord of Doctors, where upon this name for Him: “Doctor” (Bhishak).
580. Samnyaasa-krit - Lord is the institutor of the fourth stage of life (Aasrama) called ‘Samnyaasa’ which is meant for those who walk the path of total renunciation. The One who, in His Infinite Grace, gives the needed qualifications unavoidable for Samnyaasa.
581. Samah – “The Calm.” One who exists without the mind running out into the passions of the sense-organs. “ In Samnyaasa, He teaches the life of calmness and quietude and in the accumulated inner peace, the final experience is gained. The Smriti prescribes the duties of the four stages as: “The duty of the ‘Brahmachari’ is service; for the ‘House- holder’, charity; for the ‘Forest-dweller’ is the duty of restraint, and for the ‘Samnyaasin’ ‘Calmness’. Samnyaasa without Sama is inconceivable and this ‘Calmness’ is His nature.
582. Saantah - One who is quiet within, as in Him the sense-organs are perfectly controlled. The Upanishads glorify the Supreme State as actionless, partless, peaceful. This is a declaration from Svetaasvatara Upanishad.
583. Nishthaa - The Abode of all beings, not only while living, but during the Pralaya (deluge). During this Cosmic dissolution, the entire living creatures merge back into their Vaasanaas, (seed-form), and remain in Him. Therefore, He is called, “The Abode of the Universe.”
584. Saantih – “One whose very nature is Peace.” Agitations are caused by desires and the consequent temptations to strive for, acquire and indulge in them. In the All-Full, there is no desire, hence He need not seek His fulfilment among the perishable objects of the universe, and so He is Peace.
585. Paraayanam - The Supreme Goal is Narayana. After reaching Him there is no return In short, the term indicates that Narayana is the way to the Supreme Liberation (Moksha).



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari