Oct 2, 2008


स्वापनः स्ववशो व्यापी नैकात्मा नैककर्मकृत्।

वत्सरो वत्सलो वत्सी रत्नगर्भो धनेश्वरः॥

സ്വാപ്നഃ സ്വവശോ വ്യാപി നൈകാത്മാ നൈകകര്മകൃത്

വത്സരോ വത്സലോ വത്സി രത്നഗര്ഭോ ധനേശ്വരഃ

ஸ்வாபன ஸ்வவசோ வ்யாபி நைகாத்மா நைககர்மக்றித்

வத்ஸரோ வத்ஸலோ வத்சி ரத்னகர்போ தநேச்வர

ಸ್ವಾಪನಃ ಸ್ವವಶೋ ವ್ಯಾಪಿ ನೈಕಾತ್ಮ ನೈಕಕರ್ಮಕೃತ

ವತ್ಸರೋ ವತ್ಸಲೋ ವತ್ಸಿ ರತ್ನಗರ್ಭೋ ಧನೆಸ್ವರಃ

స్వాపనః స్వవశో వ్యాపి నైకాత్మా నైకకర్మకృత్

వత్సరో వత్సలో వత్సి రత్నగర్భో ధనేశ్వరః

svaapanah svavaso vyaapee naikaatmaa naikakarmakrit

vatsaro vatsalo vatsee ratnagarbho dhanesvarah

465. Svaapanah – One who puts people to sleep; stupefying. Lord Vishnu as Isvara has for Himself the total Vaasanaa (Maayaa) as an equipment for His self-expression as Eesvara (Narayana). He, through His Maayaa, veils each individual and renders them ignorant of their own divine nature. This “veiling-power” (Aavarana Sakti) creates many agitations (Vikshepa), due to which individuals rush out for sense-gratification. Since Isvara, thus, with His Maayaa-power deludes everybody, He gathers to Himself this epithet Svaapanah meaning “the mighty stupefying force.”
466. Svavasah - The One who has everything under His own personal control; the totally independent. Since He is the Supreme Consciousness, all living creatures and phenomenal powers are functioning by His grace, drawing their capacities to exist and act from Him only. If He withdraws His patronage everything in this Universe must stop functioning immediately. He is supremely independent inasmuch as, though the world-of-objects needs Him, He is entirely self-sufficient and needs no world for His Existence. Thus He is totally free. The waves need the ocean, but the ocean is totally independent of the waves’ existence.
467. Vyaapee - All-pervading. Pervasiveness in philosophy indicates subtlety. Thus All-pervading means that which is “subtler than the subtlest.” This concept is again sustained by the physical observations in the world. The cause always pervades all the effects; the gold pervades all ornaments. The entire universe is an effect and He being the Cause, He pervades all and everything at all times. Thus the All-pervading, in its suggestion, indicates that He is the Ultimate-cause and Himself in His pervasiveness is ever-present everywhere and in everything, presiding over all behaviours, actions and work, everywhere in the universe.
468. Naikaatmaa - Many-souled. Lord, the Infinite, though ever the one, expresses Himself as the many, while manifesting Himself, in the form of the universe. It is He, the One Great Consciousness, that expresses Himself as the creator, sustainer and destroyer-in order to maintain the play of the eternal dance, among the phenomenal things and deeds. He who becomes the Trinity is the great Vishnu Tattva.
469. Naika-karma-krit - The one does many actions, as He is the one Lord of all evolution, preservation, and involation of the universe. where he is not presiding over, no activity can ever take place.
470. Vatsarah - The Abode of the Lord. Not only Lord is living in each one of us our inner-Soul (Antaryaamee) but He is at once, the All-prevading Essence in which, the entire universe exists, and as such, He alone is the Abode of the creatures, He is the endless ‘time’ and the infinite ‘space’ at once. for, in the time-space field alone do things exist. the term “Vatsa,” in sanskrit also means “calf.” The world under discussion, therefore, can also mean “one who gives away calves.” This has reference to Krishna who returned to Gopas all the calves, when they were taken away by the enemy.
471. Vatsalah - The supremely affectionate. One who loves his devotees extremely. Narayana is one who has got more affection towards his devotees that all the paternal and maternal love in the world put together. Supreme love is the meaning of the world ‘Vatsalah;’ Lord Narayana is Love Incarnate.
472. Vatsee - The Father. One who has infinite number of children; Lord considers the entire living kingdom as His own children; and nurses and nourishes them. It can also be interpreted as one who trains and protects the calves in the herd.
473. Ratnagarbhah - The Jewel-wombed. Like the ocean, One who has rich wealth concealed in Himself.
On the whole, the term Ratna-garbhah only means that the Lord is quick in His bestowing all the desired objects on His devotees.
474. Dhanesvarah - The Lord of wealth. Here the term “Wealth” means all the good things in the universe- all objects of happiness. He is described in the Puranas as the Lord of the Goddess Lakshmi (Lakshmipati) and as such He is ever the Master-of-all-wealth. The greatest of wealth is, of course, the liberation, and Lord Narayana is the Isvara of this great wealth, He blesses the true devotees with the experience of complete liberation from the entanglements and sorrows of the vestures of matter around us.



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari