Oct 1, 2008


सुव्रतः सुमुखः सूक्ष्मः सुघोषः सुखदः सुहृत्।
मनोहरो जितक्रोधो वीरबाहुर्विदारणः॥

സുവ്രതഃ സുമുഖഃ സൂക്ഷ്മഃ സുഘോഷഃ സുഖദഃ സുഹൃത്
മനോഹരോ ജിതക്രോധോ വീരബാഹുര്വിദാരണഃ

ஸுவ்ரத ஸுமுக சூக்ஷ்ம சுகோக்ஷ சுகத ஸுஹ்ரித்

மனோஹரோ ஜிதக்ரோதோ வீரபாஹுர்விதாரண

ಸುವ್ರತಃ ಸುಮುಖಃ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮಃ ಸುಘೋಷಃ ಸುಖದಃ ಸುಹೃತ

ಮನೋಹರೋ ಜಿತಕ್ರೋಧೋ ವೀರಬಾಹುರ್ವಿದಾರಣಃ

సువ్రతః సుముఖః సూక్ష్మః సుఘోషః సుఖదః సుహ్రిత్

మనోహరో జితక్రోధో వీరబాహుర్విదారణః

suvratah sumukhah sookshmah sughoshah sukhadah suhrit
manoharo jita-krodho veerabaahurvidaaranah.

455. Suvratah – “The one who is ever performing the pure vow.” It is a sacred vow of the Lord that He has to give shelter and protection to all those who totally surrender themselves into him-says Sri Ramachandraji: “To give shelter to all living creatures-this is my vow.” This term can also refer to Him who had done tapas for a long number of years on the mount of Nara-Narayana in Badrinath.
456. Sumukhah - One who has an enchanting face. Truth is beauty and Beauty truth. In all conditions the Lord is ever cheerful and brings to His face the dignified beauty of calm repose. When the devotees come and surrender at His sacred feet Narayana is the one of Infinite mercy who beams with joy at the devotion of the surrender.
457. Sookshmah - One who is subtler than the subtlest. In Vedanta terminology subtlety indicates pervasiveness. Therefore, the term means All-Pervasive. The Upanishad says the Lord is All-Pervading, subtler than the subtlest (Sarvagatam susookshmam).
458. Sughoshah – “Of auspicious sound.” This is the name of the conch that Krishna blew in the opening of the Mahabharata war. The sound of Vishnu is the essence of all Vedas as all the four Vedas have come from Him, the Supreme. Hence the term “of auspicious sound.”
459. Sukhadah – “One who confers happiness.” It can also mean in Sanskrit one who is the destroyer of joy (Da-to destroy). Here, of course, it means that One who gives joy to His devotees and takes away joy from those who are undivine.
460. Suhrit – “The friend of all living creatures.” A true friend is one who gives all that he possesses without expecting any return.
461. Manoharah - One who is the looter of the mind; or charming. Not only is the Lord Beauty Incarnate, but He compels the attention of the devotee to come away from all other sense objects to dwell upon His enchanting form. Thus Vishnu is one who generates an irresistible joy in the mind of His devotees and compels them to spend their time in constant worship.
462. Jita-krodhah - One who has conquered anger. By the one term here, anger, we should consider all the six inner enemies Kaama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada and Maatsarya. These six constitute the types of thoughts in man; the six categories into which all his mental activities fall. One who has conquered all these means one who is beyond the mind-the Self.
463. Veerabaahuh - One having mighty, valiant arms. From time to time He has to incarnate in order to put down the wicked and thereby protect the good.
464. Vidaaranah - One who splits asunder; destroys. In the man-lion form, Narasimha, Lord Vishnu appears to tear open and kill Hiranyakasipu. Again, in order to destroy Hiranyaaksha and to lift the earth from the ocean, Sri Narayana had to take the form of the great boar (Varaaha). Accordingly in the Sanskrit vocabulary, bhoo-daarah is a synonym for boar (Varaaha). Dara means to split or to tear open. Thus the meaning of the divine Boar can be squeezed out from the term Vidaaranah used here.



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari