Sep 3, 2008


मरीचिर्दमनो हंसः सुपर्णो भुजगोत्तमः।
हिरण्यनाभः सुतपाः पद्मनाभः प्रजापतिः॥

മരീചിര്ദമനോ ഹംസഃ സുപര്ണോ ഭുജഗോത്തമഃ
ഹിരണ്യനാഭഃ സുതപാഃ പദ്മനാഭഃ പ്രജാപതിഃ

மரீசிர்தமனோ ஹம்ச சுபர்ணோ புஜகோத்தம
ஹிரண்யநாப சுதபா பத்மநாப பிரஜாபதி

ಮರೀಚಿರ್ದಮನೋ ಹಂಸ ಸುಪರ್ಣೊ ಭುಜಗೋತ್ತಮಃ
ಹಿರನ್ಯನಾಭಃ ಸುತಪಾಃ ಪದ್ಮನಾಭಃ ಪ್ರಜಾಪತಿಃ

మరీచిర్దమనో హంస సుపర్ణో భుజగోత్తమః
హిరణ్యనాభః సుతపాః పద్మనాభః ప్రజాపతిః

mareechir-damano hamsah suparno bhujagottamah
hiranyanaabhah sutapaah padmanaabhah prajaapatih.

189. Mareechih - The term Mareechih means ‘Effulgence’. Consciousness illumines objects and therefore in terms of worldly knowledge the Upanishads declare that the Supreme is the Light-Infinite. In the Geeta we read Bhagavan, Vaasudeva declaring: “I am the Light in all effulgents” -(Geeta Ch. 10, St. 36).
190. Damanah - One who restrains and controls every Raakshasic impulse within the bosom. In the forms of the ten incarnations, He had controlled the irresistible tyrannies of the vicious against the good. In the form of pain and agitation, sorrow and death, it is He, who is the Controller, Damanah, of all negative tendencies in everyone’s Heart.
191. Hamsah - One of the great declarations of the Vedas is: “I am Brahman” (Aham Brahmaasmi). Here the term I, the first person singular used, denotes the supreme. Self functioning through the conditionings.” This individual concept is called jeeva. Thus I, the Jeeva (Aham), once detached from the conditionings, IS essentially nothing other than He, the Lord (Sah). This experience that Aham is Sah is the very God-consciousness and therefore, Vishnu, the Supreme State of Realization is declared as Hamsah.
192. Suparnah - Parna means wings; Suparna means that which has beautiful wings-bird. “A pair of white- winged birds extremely friendly sit on one and the same tree; one cats the fruits, the other eats not and gazes on”. Thus traditionally in the Upanishads, the Suparnas suggest the Jeevaatmaa and the Paramaatmaa sitting on the same tree (body): one (Jeeva) eats the fruits (of actions) and the other (the Self) merely gazes on (Saakshee). Vishnu is this All-experiencing Principle of consciousness.
193. Bhujagottamah - The sacred serpent named in the puranas as Ananta. “Among the serpents I am Ananta,” says Krishna: -(Geeta Ch. 10, St. 29).
194. Hiranyanaabhah - He, who supports at His navel, the creator, Hiranyagarba. The meaning for this term as given by some is “the One who has the navel region beautiful in its golden hue” must fail, in the context of the thoughts in the stanza, to appeal to all seekers.
195. Sutapaah - One who has glorious Tapas. Consistent creative thinking is called tapas. For this, mental concentration is unavoidable. Mind cannot have consistent concentration unless it can have a perfect control over the sense-organs. Even when the mind is withdrawn from the sense-organs, it must have a consistent intellectual ideal to concentrate upon. In the Upanishad, we read: “He thought and through thought, He created all this”.
196. Padmanaabhah - One who supports at His navel the very seat of all creative-power. We have described this term earlier (48). According to Sankara, here the term may mean one who has a navel region which in its rounded beauty, is as charming as the lotus flower.
197. Prajaapatih - The Lord of the creatures. Since all creatures have emerged from Him, the living creatures are His children (Prajaa) and He is their Pati. The term Pati has a direct meaning: ‘father’. Thus Vishnu, as the only source from which all creatures have emerged out, is called as Prajaapatih.



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari