Sep 2, 2008


महेष्वासो महीभर्ता श्रीनिवासः सदां गतिः।

अनिरुद्धः सुरानन्दो गोविन्दो गोविदां पतिः॥

മഹേഷ്വാസോ മഹീഭര്താ ശ്രീനിവാസഃ സദാം ഗതിഃ

അനിരുദ്ധഃ സുരാനന്ദോ ഗോവിന്ദോ ഗോവിദാം പതിഃ

மஹேஷ்வாசோ மஹீபர்தா ஸ்ரீனிவாச சதாம் கதி

அநிருத்த சுரானந்தோ கோவிந்தோ கோவிதாம் பதி

ಮಹೇಷ್ವಾಸೋ ಮಹೀಭರ್ತಾ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸಃ ಸದಾಂ ಗತಿಃ

ಅನಿರುದ್ಧಃ ಸುರಾನಂದೋ ಗೋವಿಂದೋ ಗೋವಿದಾಂ ಪತಿಃ

మహేష్వాసో మహీభర్తా శ్రీనివాస సదాం గతిః

అనిరుద్ధః సురానందో గోవిందో గోవిదాం పతిః

maheshvaaso maheebhartaa sreenivaasah sataam gatih
aniruddhah suraanando govindo govindaam-patih.

181. Maheshvaasah - One who wears or wields the Great Bow called Saarnga.
Maheebhartaa - The husband of Mother Earth. The Sanskrit term for husband is Bhartaa and the term denotes ‘Supporter’. In the Puranic language we have the description of how the Lord, as the Great Boar uplifted the earth from the “waters of Deluge.” Viewed from the platform of philosophy, just as gold is the supporter of all things made of gold, the Infinite Consciousness is the Essence from which everything has risen. Hence He is the Lord, the Supporter, the Husband (Bhartaa) of Mother Earth and everything that exists in her.
183. Sreenivaasah - The permanent abode of Sree. Mother Sree connotes “all Glory and power, faculties and strength, to be good and to perform creative acts of righteousness”. She is found to remain never permanently in any bosom. Even saints and sages, in recorded history, have come to compromise the perfections in them. The only place, where imperfections never enter to molest the serene essence, is the seat of Eternal Perfection, which is the bosom of Narayana. Hence Maha Vishnu is indicated as Sreenivaasa – “the Permanent Abode of Lakshmi”.
184. Sataam Gatih - For the truly virtuous and for all spiritual seekers (Sat-People) He who is the final Goal. In the language of the Geeta He is the “Paraa gatih”. The term gati is used to denote not only the goal, but the very movement, as well as the direction and the way. Narayana is the very Direction, Path, Progress and the Goal for his devotees.
185. Aniruddhah - One who cannot be obstructed or resisted by anyone. Irresistibly, the will of the Lord functions in the world of created things-and-beings. Just as in the world of matter, the laws of nature are irresistible, the Rhythm and Harmony of Truth ever march in their Eternal Logic of objectless Love and immaculate perfection. Time and tide wait for none. When the sun rises, the living creatures absorb energy and nothing can obstruct this process. In the presence of the Self, the worlds of matter must get thrilled into their own independent activities, and in all these welter of efforts and exertions, achievements and failures, joys and sorrows, the Self is not involved by the Irresistible Enchantment of His presence, the Gopis seek their own fulfilment in their own dances. In the Puranas, we find Bhagavan Vishnu taking up in His various Incarnations different manifested forms and in all of them He was victorious; ever irresistible (Aniruddhah) is His Might.
186. Suraanandah - The One who doles out happiness (Aananda) even for the Denizens-of-the Heavens (Suras). In the Upanishad we have the declaration, that the Infinite Perfection, the Lord is of the very nature of Absolute Bliss. In the Aanandavallee of Taittireeya Upanishad we find the arithmetics of Bliss. The Rishi concludes that all joys of the world and heavens-mental and supramental-are all but flickerings of the Infinite Bliss, which is the Lord Mahavishnu.
187. Govindah - The word Go in Sanskrit has four meanings: ‘Earth’, ‘Cows’, ‘Speech’ and ‘Vedas’. As the earth is the supporter of everything that is existing, He, who is the supporter of everything within the individual, is called Govinda; He, who is the Protector of the Cow’s and played the part of Gopaala in Gokula, is the very controller of the animal instincts and passions in the bosom of man; “One, without whom, no speech can ever emerge out of any throat-He being the very Life in all Creatures” says Kenopanishad; and the Highest Speech is the declaration of Truth in the Vedas. The Lord Himself is the very Theme and the Author of the Vedas. This great Self is Mahavishnu.
188. Govidaam Patih - One, who is the Lord of all ‘seers’ and “Men of Wisdom”. We have already indicated that Go means Vedas. Govit- Vedavit- those, who have realized the Theme indicated in the Vedic declaration as the Essential Reality in their Own subjective bosom. They are called the Seers or Sages. To such Men-of-Wisdom the Self-alone is the Lord and the Master.



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari