Aug 17, 2008


संभवो भावनो भर्ता प्रभव: प्रभुरीश्वरः॥
സര്‍വ: ശര്‍വ: ശിവഃ സ്ഥാണുര്ഭൂതാദിര്നിധിരവ്യയഃ:
സംഭവോ ഭാവനോ ഭര്താ പ്രഭവ: പ്രഭുരീശ്വരഃ

ஸர்வ: சர்வ: சிவ: ஸ்தாணுர்பூதாதிர்நிதிரவ்யய:
ஸம்பவோ பாவனோ பர்தா பிரபவ: ப்ரபுரீஸ்வர:

ಸರ್ವಃ ಶರ್ವಃ ಶಿವಃ ಸ್ತಾಣುರ್ಭೂತಾದಿರ್ನಿಧಿರವ್ಯಯಃ
ಸಂಭವೋ ಭಾವನೋ ಭರ್ತಾ ಪ್ರಭವ ಪ್ರಭುರೀಶ್ವರಃ

సర్వః శర్వః శివః స్తాణుర్భూతాదిర్నిధిరవ్యయః
సంభవో భావనో భర్తా ప్రభవ ప్రభురీశ్వరః

sarvas-sharvas-sivah sthaanur bhootaadir nidhir-avyayah
sambhavo bhaavano bhartaa prabhavah prabhur-eesvarah.

25. Sarvah - He who is the all. He being the One cause from which have sprung forth all things and beings. He himself is the all. In Mahabharata Udyoga Parva (70-12) we read: “As He is the origin and end of all, whether existent or otherwise, and as He, at all times, cognises all, He is called “Sarva”. All waves rise from the same ocean and, therefore, the ocean is the very essence in all waves.
26. Sharvah - The Auspicious One: meaning, the One who gives auspiciousness to those who hear of Him, to those who have a vision of Him, and to those who meditate upon Him.
27. Sivah - The One who is Eternally Pure. In Him can never be any contamination of the imperfection of Rajas and Tamas. ‘Non-apprehension of Reality’ is Tamas and ‘misapprehensions of Reality’ constitute the Rajas. In the Reality Itself there can be neither of them ‘He is Brahman; He is Siva’, so the Upanishad declares of the Absolute Oneness, which is Vishnu.
28. Sthaanuh - Generally this term Sthaanuh is used for the permanent pillars that mark the frontiers of a country. They are permanent, immovable, fixed. The Truth, that remains thus firm and motionless, without movement, permanently established in Its own Realm of Purity, is called by the term Sthaanuh-the Pillar. “Eternal, All-Pervading, the Pillar, Motionless (is) this Ancient One,” so says Geeta Ch. 2, 24.
29. Bhootaadih - The very cause ("aadi") for the five great elements: Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth.
30. Avyayah Nidhih - The Imperishable treasure. The term Nidhi means ‘that in which precious things are stored away or preserved secretly’: (Nidheeyate Asmin iti Nidhih). Therefore, He who is the substratum-container-for the entire universe is the Nidhi. During the dissolution (sleep) the One into Whom all things go to lie merged therein temporarily, till the next projection or creation (waking), as this Immutable Treasure Chest-the Vishnu. Here ‘unchangeable’ (Avyaya) is qualifying ‘Nidhi’.
31. Sambhavah - One who takes up by his own free will various incarnations for the glory of the world is Sambhavah. In fact, He alone is the source of all that is created. In Harivamsa we read the assertion: “I am the Narayana, the Source from which all creatures and things spring forth”. To uphold Dharma I shall manifest again and again, declares the Lord in His Geeta:
32. Bhaavanah - To do Bhaavana is to give: One who gives everything to His devotees is Bhaavanah. The Lord is One who gives both joy and sorrow to each one according to his deserts. In the case of humanity it is He again who destroys the evil and blesses the good.
33. Bhartaa - The One who ‘Governs’ the entire living world. Governing includes protecting the world from all harms and serving it positively with progress and joy. One who does these to all creatures at all times is Vishnu-the great Bhartaa.
34. Prabhavah - The One who is the very womb of all the Five Great Elements. It is That from which even the very concepts of time and space have sprung from.
35. Prabhuh - The Almighty Lord. He who is the All-Powerful. He who has the supreme freedom to do (Kartum), not to do (Akartum), or to do quite differently from what He had already done (Anyathaa Kartum) is considered as the Prabhuh.
36. Eesvarah - One who has the ability to do anything without the help of other beings or things is called Eesvara.



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari