Aug 16, 2008


योगो योगविदां नेता प्रधान पुरुषेश्वरः ।
नारसिंहवपुः श्रीमान् केशव: पुरुषोत्तमः ॥

യോഗോ യോഗവിദാം നേതാ പ്രധാന പുര്ഷേശ്വരഃ
നാരസിമ്ഹവപു: ശ്രീമാന്‍ കേശവ: പുരുഷോത്തമ:

யோகோ யோகவிதாம் நேதா பிரதான புருஷேச்வர:

நாரஸிம்ஹவபு: ஸ்ரீமான் கேசவ: புருஷோத்தம:

ಯೋಗೋ ಯೋಗವಿದಾಂ ನೇತಾ ಪ್ರಧಾನ ಪುರುಷೆಸ್ವರಃ

ನಾರಸಿಮ್ಹವಪುಃ ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್ ಕೆಶವಃ ಪುರುಷೋತ್ತಮಃ

యోగో యోగవిదాం నేతా ప్రధాన పురుషేశ్వరః

నారసింహవపుః శ్రీమాన్ కేశవః పురుశోతమః

yogoh yoga-vidaam netaa pradhaana-purushesvarah.
naarasimha- vapuh sreemaan kesavah purushottamah.

18. Yogah -The one who is to be known or realized through yoga. By withdrawing the sense organs from their objects of pre-occupation, when the mind of the seeker becomes quietened, he is lifted to a higher plane-of-consciousness, wherein he attains “yoga”, meaning wherein he realizes the Reality. At such moments of equanimity and mental quiet “yoga” is gained: Samatvam yoga uchyate- (Geeta Ch. 2, St. 48). Since He is experienced through Yoga He is known as Yogah.
19. Yoga-vidaam netaa – One who guides ("neta") all the activities of all men ‘who knows yoga’ (Yogaviti) . To all men of realization, He who is the Ideal, is the Supreme Lord. Just as our activities are today ordered by our selfishness and individuality, the Ideal that commands and orders all activities in the bosom of a Man of Realization is his God-Consciousness. This realm of experience is Mahaa Vishnu. In the Geeta also we find the same idea expressed, in the language of emotion, when the Lord says: “Those who contemplate upon Me with total dedication, their daily welfare and spiritual progress I shall bear”.
20. Pradhaana-purusha-eesvarah -Lord of both Pradhaana and Purusha. The term Pradhaana means ‘maayaa’-the total cause for the entire universe of forms. The term Purusha indicates the individuality in each one of us-the Jeeva. Lord Eesvara means the Master (Eeshte iti Eesvarah). The Lord of Maayaa and Jeeva means the one who makes both these possible to exist and function. The One Infinite Reality which Itself manifests as Maayaa, Jeeva and Eesvara is the Essence in Vishnu.
21. Naarasimha-vapuh - One whose form ("vapuh") is half human ("nara") and half lion ("simha"). This is the famous fourth incarnation of Lord Vishnu which He took in order to destroy the atheistic tyrant Hiranyakasipu and bless his devotee, Prahlaada.
22. Sreemaan - One who is always with ("maan") Sree. Mother Sree is Mother Lakshmi. In the Puranic terminology Lakshmi stands for all powers, all faculties. The total manifested power potential in the Omnipotent is Lakshmi. These powers are ever in Him and therefore, He is the Sreemaan.
23. Keshavah - He who has beautiful and graceful (Va) locks of hair (Kesa) is familiar as in Lord Krishna’s form. Or, it can also mean, one who destroyed ("vah") the demon Kesin who was sent to destroy the child-Krishna by his uncle Kamsa. This interpretation is endorsed by the Vishnu Purana, 5.16.23.
24. Purushottamah - The constitution of the individuality, Jeeva, when analysed, we find that it is made up of both the perishable-matter and the Imperishable-Spirit. The Spirit expressing through matter is the individuality, Jeeva. Reflected moon is the moon of the heavens dancing on the surface of water. Just as the moon is something different from its reflections and the water surfaces, so too the Self is, in its transcendental nature, something different from both matter, the perishable, and Spirit, the Imperishable, ever playing in matter. This Transcendental Truth is indicated by the term the Supreme Purusha (Purusha-uttama).



Inspiration & courtesy:
Contribution of Shivkumar Kalyanaraman, Professor, Department of ECSE, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, U.S.A.

Sanskrit script Courtesy:
Shri. N. Krishnamachari